Motivation is generally thought of as the impulse that leads people to get something. It is the force that initiates, guides and maintains the behavior, until reaching the desired goal or objective. Without motivation, it would be almost impossible for these goals or objectives to be achieved.
See also: Implications of job satisfaction for employers
What are the benefits of work motivation?
Although it is essential for all existential areas, the importance of motivation in the labor field is greater from the point of view of the social and economic benefits that the productivity of companies implies, hence many administrative theories are based on this concept.
For example, one of the best known motivational theories is that of Abraham Maslow who maintains that the human being as part of his realization ascends a pyramid of scales, starting at a level of basic physiological needs (eating, sleeping …) and then rising to the level of security, social level, esteem and finally reaching self-realization.
According to Maslow, a normal individual with his basic physiological needs covered when he enters a company that provides him with security, tries by all means to integrate into a group, to find friends by making his self-esteem increase and with it his willingness to work.
This theorist also states that motivation is not only important for the employee but also for the company because this, due to the greater willingness and effort on the part of the employee, obtains excellent benefits from work motivation.
In other words, one of the benefits for the company is precisely the achievement of greater productivity. This is mainly because once the worker is established in the workplace and his security and social needs are met, these conditions make him more yielding in his work.
Like maslow’s motivational theory, there are others such as McClelland’s or Herzbert’s that raise the implications of motivation in productive activities based on the satisfaction of needs for achievement, power and affiliation.
Although all these theories have different perspectives, since some take into account personality, others culture or organizational values as the elements that sustain this motivation, all agree that to achieve excellent performance you need to be motivated.
Continue reading: The effects of autonomy on job satisfaction
How have companies embraced the importance of motivation in their plans?
In essence, these organizational theories of modern management interpret motivation as a pathway to the stimuli to which individuals and groups respond to give their best.
Therefore, in many companies, although they do not neglect the technological factor, they adopt these theoretical hypotheses and focus on motivating the employee in order to obtain better returns.
Specifically, these companies rely on authors such as Daft and Steers who argue that despite the technological level reached by mechanization and automation in production or service processes, behind them is always the human being and his need to be motivated.
This way of thinking about organizations has generated certain concerns about how to motivate their employees and for this purpose various strategies have been devised aimed at achieving this end.
One of the strategies that companies have adopted the most to motivate their employees has been the improvement of working conditions. Well, they have noticed that an employee satisfied with the environment around him tends to produce more.
This improvement in working conditions includes from the establishment of schedules according to productivity, to the placement of facilities (nurseries, transport, entertainment room, among others) in work centers or delivery of discount cards.
Participation and vocational training are some of the benefits of work motivation
Another element that has been noticed by the management of many companies is that a worker who feels heard tends to be more creative, resourceful and participatory. Precisely the motivation that produces an employee to feel that his approaches do not fall into the void but are well received by the company lead him to give more spontaneous support in the solution of problems.
Hence, in the workplaces suggestion boxes are placed or social networks are activated to collect the approaches of workers on a certain issue of collective interest.
The vision of the importance of motivation in the worker has also been channeled through professional training, observing how the stimulation to improve their knowledge or their professional degree has resulted in the employee a greater commitment to the company and efficiency in their work.
The recognition systems have also served to verify the importance of motivation in the employee, noting that when the public distinction of a worker occurs and based on a transparent evaluation the result not only motivates the honored worker but also all the staff.
Don’t stop reading: How does salary influence job performance?