Motivation is a word that in Latin means “cause of movement.” Etymology often helps us to understand the original meaning of a term, and in the case of motivation the idea behind the word is clear.
Motivation is the kind of reason why we perform certain actions. And it is that not all people are driven in the same way when it comes to undertaking their actions. There are different types of personal motivation that we are going to see in this article (with definitions and examples).You may want to read: “Mental Strength: 8 Keys to Being Psychologically Strong”What is motivation?
All the actions we perform during the day in the background have one motivation or another. From the most everyday acts like eating to the most far-sighted behaviors like preparing a wedding have at least one personal motivation behind them.
Therefore, motivation has been a concept of great interest in psychology. It is a basic aspect that determines our behavior, and that is responsible for us to perform all kinds of acts. From those so basic related to immediate survival to intentional behaviors that pursue certain goals for years.
Anyway, the truth is that there is a unique theory about motivation. Maslow’s pyramid or McClelland’s three factors are among the best known, and they try to explain the types of personal motivation that lead us to carry out different behaviorsThe 10 types of personal motivation
Both the conscious part of our mind and the unconscious can generate our motivations. Sometimes it seems to us to be very clear about the reasons that make us act in a certain way, although this is not always the case.
Below we will see the different types of motivation that exist. We will see that the definitions and examples represent the great variety of reasons why the human being can see his behavior encouraged.We think you’ll be interested: “The 12 surprising benefits of being bilingual”1. Extrinsic motivation
Extrinsic motivation is intimately linked to the idea of reward or reward. It is a very clear case of encouraging a behavior, which is none other than the idea that you will enjoy a benefit that will be given externally if you do something.
If you tell a child that if he behaves well you are going to give him a toy, he will try to behave well. Similarly, if you tell a person that by eating an insect he will earn 5,000 euros it is possible that he will eat it, which he almost certainly would never do.2. Intrinsic motivation
Intrinsic motivation is closely linked to the pleasure associated with personal growth. Performing certain activities is very feasible when the person has a high degree of intrinsic motivation.
For example, there are many people who learn yoga or do some kind of sport just for the pleasure that this activity gives them. Although it can be lazy, especially when you do not have the habit acquired, these people manage to overcome it thanks to their great intrinsic motivation.3. Positive motivation
A positive motivation relates to the benefit of maintaining a behavior. In this case, it is not taken into account whether the motivation is external or internal, but the fact that the person has managed to maintain the good habit in question by thinking about the associated benefits.4. Negative motivation
Negative motivation emphasizes that behavior is maintained to avoid something. For example, it may be that the person avoids taking drugs because he is not judged by his environment such as family, friends, society, etc. (external motivation) or because he considers that doing so will lead to discomfort the next day, problems in daily life, losing health, etc. (internal motivation).5. Basic motivation
Motivation refers to the degree of commitment you have with an activity. It is used mainly in the world of sport, and is based on the motivation that is generated in self-improvement within the discipline in question. Results and performance mark the degree of satisfaction based on this type of basic motivation.Related article: “The 8 types of intelligence according to Gardner (and what they consist of)”6. Everyday motivation
Everyday motivation is that which refers to everyday life. It is also widely used in the world of sports, and taking as an example a person who practices some type of physical activity, this motivation is linked to the degree of pleasure and satisfaction at an immediate level that the activity in question produces.7. Ego-centered motivation
Ego-centered motivation feeds on comparison. A person with a lot of motivation of this type is motivated when compared to other people and sees that he can stand out. It happens in athletes but also in the field of work, in comparisons at a materialistic level, etc.8. Task-focused motivation
Task-focused motivation relates to impressions about an activity. A person can be very motivated when he sees things going his way. For example, if a basketball player sees that he is progressing because he understands the tactics and perfects the technique, he can be very motivated and improve, while there are other people who are not motivated by this alone.9. Homeostatic motivation
Homeostatic motivation explains human behavior through the satisfaction of the most primary needs. The body tries to respond to its needs such as hunger and thirst, but also more instinctive ones. For example, a person may act a certain way because of a desire to have intimate relationships with someone.10. Emotional motivation
This type of motivation has to do with the emotions a person feels. It is one of the most complex, and is that a behavior can be motivated by certain traumas, mental disorders, need for attachment, etc. An example would be love or friendship relationships, in which the person seeks to satisfy the needs of the social beings we are.Other users have read: “Jacobson’s Progressive Relaxation: What is it and how to use it?”References
Maslow, A.H. (1943). A theory of human motivation. Psychological Review, 50(4), 370-396.
Palmero, F. (2008). Motivation and emotion. McGraw-Hill Interamericana de España S.L..
Turienzo, R. (2016). The little book of motivation. Encourage Editorial.