Etymologically, technology is a word that derives from the word of Greek origin “tekne”, which means art or technique, and the word “lodge”, which is associated with skills, virtues or abilities to do some task. Today we will explore the definition of technology, its general concept, and we will also look at the types of technology and risks that the advancement of technology in society includes. Photo where the definition of technology in the advancement of the tools and technical knowledge we use today Is clearly seenConcept and Definition of Technology
Technology can be defined as a set of knowledge that has been created, is constantly optimized and used by man to improve his life on planet earth. This knowledge is applied to the fields of human life in their day to day such as health, architecture, transportation, communications, computing, physics, chemistry, among others.
The origin of technology is when the human being began to improve his archaic instruments with which he survived in antiquity, thanks to it he was able to improve his skills to eat, dress, protect himself from inclement weather, and even to defend himself from other predators.
The great leap that technology had as such was in the Industrial Revolution that began in the second half of the eighteenth century in England. There the foundations of modern industries would be laid, and the exodus of families from the countryside to the cities would begin in search of better opportunities that new technology offered them at the level of industrial jobs. The industrial revolution marked a before and after in the advances of global technology
The work then went from being manual, to being automated, a great innovation thanks to the use of the new technology that all the large factories began to massify. The technology that gained the most notoriety at that time was steam-powered technology along with belts and gears that allowed processes to be automated in a way never seen before.
Later, another turning point in the advancement of technology would be the discoveries and use of assembly lines driven by entrepreneurs such as Ransom Olds, or Henry Ford, who marked a before and after in the assembly and production of cars. Since then technology has always been associated with the economy, always trying to produce more, and earn more, investing less money. Types of technology
Within the definition of technology we also find the different types of technology that exist, see briefly what they are:
Some authors usually use two types of classification of technologies:
1. Soft technologies: defined as technologies that are basically intangible (cannot be touched).2. Hard technologies: refers to technology that is tangible (they can be seen and touched).
Others prefer to define them simply as:
3. Flexible technologies: these are those that can be used in other areas, such as physics or chemistry for example.4. Fixed technologies: these are technologies that do not change, and cannot be reused in other fields.
You can learn more about the different classifications in our post: types of technology, which explains these concepts in more detail and clear examples of each. Dangers of Technology
Technology has always been at the service of its creator, the human being. Without the technological advances that humanity has had, surely today we would not be who we are in all the scientific fields where it has developed. However, while technology has brought thousands of benefits to humans in fields such as medicine, industries, computer science, etc., it has also brought a lot of irresponsible use of it.
By irresponsible use of technology we mean that while it simplifies and helps in many things, when misused, it can generate environmental problems, or even without going too far, be used for purposes that are not good for humanity such as the creation of the atomic bomb, and in general the arms industry.
Another risk of technology is the loss of jobs that were previously done manually by hundreds or thousands of people, now it is done by machines, at much lower costs, however, this ends up cutting chains of jobs in different sectors of society.
In all cases seen throughout the history of technology, it undoubtedly affects and alters the environment where it is developed, this is because the human being both with technology and without it, will always be irresponsible. If you want to read more about the risks of misuse of technology, we recommend you read this article that deals with it in depth: Risks of Technology.
There is a marked difference between technique and technology, however many people (especially students who study the subject) tend to confuse it, these are its main differences.The technique uses contributions from social experience as a basis, while technology uses scientific contributions.The technique is empirically tested, while the technology is explained through textual or graphic form.The technique is usually manual, it is performed by humans, while the technology is mostly done by automated processes (machines).Difference between science and technology
Another branch that usually causes confusion is the great confusion generated by science and technology, two sister disciplines, but not the same, let’s see what their differences are focusing mainly on the end pursued by both:Science seeks to arrive at the explanation of phenomena through the scientific method.Technology aims to satisfy the needs and desires of human beings, for this it makes use of science.Summary of what technology is
Surely after reading all this you should no longer have any doubt about the meaning of the word, but if you still have the question: what is technology? We tell you that we can conclude by concept or definition of technology, which is the science through which human beings reach better alternatives to improve our lives.
Design and technological advancement require knowledge, which propelled by satisfying the growing needs and desires each one, advances by leaps and bounds year by year. Services offer more goods, forms, objects and (technical) methods of development / construction of each product as never before in the history of humanity, the technological revolution is booming, however the excessive process of natural resources makes it a dangerous ally of humanity.
Technology is constantly transforming, evolving and changing every minute, revolutionizing the fields of study day by day, and although it allows many advances and benefits, it also includes responsibilities that the human being must have for its advancement and subsequent use.
If you are interested in knowing more about technology, we recommend you read the article: Examples of Technology, where we address practical examples of how scientific progress has changed our lives forever.