Cristina J. OrgazBBC News World
31 May 2019Image source, Getty ImagesPhoto clip,
Fifth-generation technology promises much faster downloads, wide coverage, and more stable and secure connections.5G technology debuted this week in the UK and has been in operation in South Korea and parts of the US since April.In the rest of the world, operators and manufacturers such as Samsung, Xiaomi, LG, Motorola, ZTE or Huawei have set to work to adapt their equipment and offer consumers this type of connectivity. It is a huge technological advance because this technology has the potential to change the way we use the internet.If 4G and its versions allowed people to connect, 5G will allow us to connect massively to the things around us. With 5G, your cell phone’s internet is likely to be faster than your home Wi-Fi. We are talking about times that instead of minutes will become just seconds. Image source, Kevin SchaferPie photo,
If you want to take a movie to the plane to watch while you’re offline, it will take 3.7 seconds to download it.According to experts, these are the 3 main advantages that the fifth-generation mobile network will bring: 1- Higher speedThe speed of 4G – the one that’s probably in your pocket right now – is 1 Gbps per second. The new network, at its full potential, will be able to offer standard speeds of 20 Gbps per second, according to British regulator Ofcom.But what does this really translate into? How long will it take to download a video with 5G? And a streaming movie?According to The Wall Street Journal, downloading a complete one-hour Spotify playlist took 7 minutes with 3G, 20 seconds with 4G and 0.6 milliseconds with 5G. If you want to take a movie to the plane to watch it while you are offline, a possibility offered by services such as Amazon Premium or Netflix, it will take 3.7 seconds to download it with 5G compared to 2 minutes with 4G. Downloading the popular online video game Fortnite costs 14 minutes with 4G. With 5G the time is shortened to 24 seconds.In this sense, another key factor is what is known as “latency”. It is the responsiveness of the network to a request from us. With the 5G network, it will be reduced to one millisecond, compared to 20 for the 4G network.It is a key factor “for activities such as live broadcasting a match in virtual reality or for a surgeon in New York to control a pair of robotic arms that perform a procedure in Santiago,” explains the expert in optical technologies for new generation networks, Abraham Valdebenito in an article.In short, we can send and receive data almost instantaneously.2- Battery SavingQalcomm, the chipmaker, has promised that the first models of phones with 5G a ” full-day battery life”.Image source, Getty ImagesPhoto clip,
The connection modems manufactured by Qalcomm with 5G capacity promise to extend the life of our battery.Second- and third-generation modems will inevitably be more energy efficient.Therefore, they will allow mobile phone manufacturers to offer a longer lifespan or thinner smartphones.This battery saving comes because 5G technology lets the 4G infrastructure work, remaining idle until the user requests processes that demand faster speeds. 3- Coverage even in agglomerationsIt is no coincidence that Japan wants to have its 5G network ready before the Olympic Games that will take place in Tokyo in 2020 begin.5G infrastructure allows more devices to be connected at the same time.It has more power and this will help save the electromagnetic bottleneck that exists in large agglomerations, especially urban ones.Image source, Getty ImagesPhoto clip,
5G technology supports millions of sensors that track behavior, environment, and other devices.This would put an end to the loss of coverage at large events, such as concerts, or as happens at specific times, such as new year’s eve and other mass celebrations.In theory, it will be able to simultaneously support more than one million devices per square kilometer.But for this to be possible, experts say, small antennas will need to be placed in many parts of street furniture.According to the International Telecommunication Union, the infrastructure is expected to support smart buildings, homes and cities, virtual reality, 3D video as well as work and games in the cloud or remote surgery.It will also make it possible to support driverless cars.Image source, Getty ImagesPhoto clip,
Driverless cars will be able to “talk” to each other thanks to 5G.They are technologies, all of them, that have been contained waiting for networks that could unleash their potential.What should not be forgotten, remember from the telecommunications industry, is that 4G is not going to disappear.And although the deployment of 5G in many countries is expected to be completed over the next year, the transition will be gradual.You can now receive notifications from BBC World. Download the new version of our app and activate them so you don’t miss our best content.Do you already know our YouTube channel? Subscribe!