Technology is any solution, development or knowledge that facilitates life in society. And in the last half century, technological advances have been so transcendent that they have even modified the way we live, communicate and relate.
In that sense, technology has brought great advantages for social development, but also disadvantages that are expressed individually and collectively. Here are some of them. TechnologyDefinitionKnows, technical developments or practices that help improve the life of a society. AdvantagesQuick access to information.Access to multiple sources of knowledge.Stimulation of creativity.Promotes innovation.Promote entrepreneurship.Facilitates communication.It contributes to the efficiency of other sectors, such as transport.Simplify tasks.Improves administrative and industrial processes.Increase entertainment options.Facilitates access to education.It stimulates the early development of technical skills.It creates new sources of employment.DisadvantagesNegative influence on worker productivity.It generates ethical dilemmas (for example, with artificial intelligence).It can lead to unemployment.Stimulates social isolation.Dissociation from reality.Generation of polluting waste.Digital privacy issues.Advantages of technology
Technology makes everyday life easier, but it also has a profound impact on multiple areas from which society benefits, such as:1. Quick access to information
Access to information through technologies such as the web is increasingly fast. This allows more and more people to have access to more data that allows them to make better decisions, from the state of the climate to financial forecasts in a large corporation.2. Access to multiple sources of knowledge
Technology, through the web and the use of devices, allows users to have access to any type of knowledge and for all levels of learning. This, together with the speed with which information can be found, is a valuable tool especially in training processes.3. Stimulates creativity
Today, there are many technological resources that allow creation in multiple fields (artistic, academic, musical, literary, cinematographic, computer, etc.) From free software for image, audio and video editing, to 3D modeling tutorials.
As time goes on, these types of resources (which were previously very expensive) become more accessible, which helps stimulate creativity and encourage new spaces and formats of creation.4. Stimulates innovation
With the advancement of technology also come new challenges for society. And innovation makes it possible to create satisfactory and in many cases, massive solutions. Distance education services or robotics applied to health are examples of this.5. Promotes entrepreneurship
As learning becomes much easier and there are so many free or low-cost resources available, entrepreneurship has become much more accessible. Nowadays, to develop an idea you can count on a multidisciplinary team at a distance, you can sell it online, it is possible to seek financing anywhere in the world, etc.6. Facilitates communication
Today it seems obvious, but just 10 years ago most instant messaging services did not exist, and video communications were not as efficient. Internet access and technological improvements have brought with them a shortening of distances that has had a global impact, because they are not only reflected in the personal sphere, but also in the workplace, which has a direct impact on the economy.7. Allows longer and faster trips
Technology goes far beyond the internet, and has to do with the development of all the solutions that make life in society much easier. In this sense, the progress of transport systems has been very noticeable, and new alternatives are increasingly being proposed that allow more people to move to new destinations and in less time.
Japanese bullet trains are a tangible example, while space tourism (trips to the moon for entertainment purposes) are getting closer.8. Simplifies household chores
The so-called Internet of Things allows the connection of home devices to the same network. With this, it is possible that a person can control remotely, and from the same device (the phone, for example), the heating, the automatic doors, the security system and even the car.
Beyond this interconnection, today household appliances are designed to be efficient, consume less energy and in many cases, have an internet connection.9. More efficiency in industrial and administrative processes
The use of technology in industrial processes helps to increase productivity, while allowing the manufacture of parts in massive quantities and in a shorter time. On the other hand, the technology makes it possible to control processes that were previously manual, which guarantees, among other things, less human errors and much more verifiable data in real time.
In administrative terms, cloud technology allows companies to free themselves from the costs of IT infrastructure and ensure the security of their data.10. Improves and increases entertainment media
Technology has influenced all areas of entertainment. From streaming services to live streaming on social media and video games. In addition, it allows those who were previously consumers of content to now also be creators, which has influenced the communication dynamics and expanded the entertainment options available.
Not only are there more platforms to display content, but each person can be their own means of communication.11. Facilitates educational processes
Technology favors the approach of educational resources to inaccessible places, and allows more and more people to overcome the digital divide and join an interconnected world. The processes of distance education and augmented reality applied to education are two examples of how technology can significantly influence academic training.12. Allows the development of technical skills at an early age
Unlike other times, today it is very common for children to have access to technological devices and resources. This puts them in a position of advantage over previous generations, as it stimulates the development of certain skills.
It is now very common for children to have an interest in programming, computer science or video game development, and this contributes significantly to boosting the technical skills of future professionals.13. Create new sources of work
As technology advances, problems arise that merit innovative solutions. This creates novel job opportunities, which drives economic development on multiple levels.
The growing development of online banking (fintech), for example, demands professionals linked to software engineering, UX development (user experience), specialists in data analysis, etc.
See alsoAdvantages and disadvantages of the internetAdvantages and disadvantages of ICTEvolution of the internetDisadvantages of technology
While we cannot deny the positive impact of technology on collective development, it has also brought disadvantages that affect individuals and even the planet. Here are some of them:1. Can negatively influence productivity
An inadequate handling of technology through mobile devices can generate inconveniences in the workplace, student and personal environment, since it encourages distraction and procrastination.
Social networks and online games are two of the main distractors in classrooms and work environments, hence in many cases the use or access to devices or certain web pages is restricted.2. Poses complex ethical dilemmas
The development of artificial intelligence (AI), for example, is posing dilemmas that once seemed like science fiction. How should a future interaction between humans and AI be addressed? Who is going to be in control of this kind of technology? What will be the limits of these advances?