▷ Types of Motivation – How are they classified?


Motivation is distinguished into intrinsic and extrinsic, negative or positive, basic or everyday, ego-oriented and task-oriented.

Motivation is considered the driving force according to which a person performs a series of actions in order to obtain a special purpose, or to obtain a goal already set. For many it is the will directed to a certain end, but according to an inspiration that keeps it focused towards the goal.

Defining motivation is very complex, since it is not a word that results in an exact definition, so it is necessary to adopt a series of attitudes and skills, and keep the mind occupied or projected around it, in such a way, that motivation has been the integral disposition of the spirit and spirit towards a specific objective that the person intends to obtain. motivation? Intrinsic.

The one that is born of the willpower of the subject, that is, the stimuli underlie the subconscious so that its motor force is internal, according to the ideals of self-realization that it has raised. It is a motivation that is enduring over time, as long as the individual has reached a certain level of maturation, that he understands what he wants and desires in life, and there forged in himself the perseverance in the action and in the commitment towards the acts that he must perform to obtain what he wants,in such a way, that this does not refer to an external reward or external reward, but on the contrary this is based on the feeling of fullness and full satisfaction in the individual when achieving what he desires.

An example of this can be seen in that person who starts an exercise routine in a way committed to their health and bodily well-being. Either a young person who studies hard, to be the best in the class and thus obtain the maximum knowledge, or to get into the university he wants so much. Extrinsic.

Considered the antithesis of internal motivation, since it is attributed the granting of rewards and prizes to keep the individual active, that is, that the stimulation comes from the outside and has nothing to do with the internal subject, so it is possible that the subject does not feel inclination towards what he does,affection or even taste, but only be moved by the desire to obtain the benefit.

This type of motivation is very common in corporations, where employees are created the culture of incentives, in exchange for improving or enhancing productivity levels, verbigracia, a bonus as a reward, salary increase, ascension of the position, granting more vacation days and other details of economic origin that encourage the worker to work more and yield greater fruits.

Many consider that this motivation can be risky, since the company will not always be able to cover the incentives through which it wants to keep its employees stimulated continuously, in addition many consider that this is harmful to the individual since it curtails the will, the own initiative and the desire to perform a certain activity,being forced to act autonomously for a prize whose satisfaction is ephemeral. Refusal.

The one that the individual maintains for fear of punishment, that is, in this case, the individual remains attached to the development of certain behavior for fear of repression, rejection or by means of being sanctioned.

The most common of these motivations can be found in the laws, since these are coercive and punitive, according to these, the person determines that he should not act not because he does not want or because it is harmful to his own integrity and that of his neighbor, but because it is an action that will be penalized. In such a way, that the subject internalizes the negative way, it may not fulfill effects on those of a rebellious nature who always like to contravene the regulations and their consequences. Positive.

In this case, the individual carries out the activity by his own conviction and because he will also obtain a benefit from it, which can revolve around his personal satisfaction, self-realization or his fullness as a person. As we pointed out, the motivation of this type is maintained around the individual so that he can perform and carry out the activity, by an internal or external stimulation, since this is a benefit that in the end he will receive. For example, arriving early to work to earn an incentive, or working hard for a personal project. Basic.

It refers to sport, according to which the athlete maintains constant motivation in his exercise routine and in the performance of his activity, in such a way that it is a habit of life that he assumes for the clear obtaining of his own benefits and self-realization referred to his sports practice. It is determined as basic, because it refers to the artist’s own behavior aimed at obtaining the goals that his own activity marks him, such as winning the competition, the title, major sponsors, excellent physical performance and other accessory benefits. Daily.

It is the immediate one that every athlete or athlete must maintain and alludes to the practice of the current exercises that he must perform to maintain an optimal, healthy and yielding physical appearance. The ego-oriented one.

Continuing with the motivation in sport, this refers to the healthy competition that is established between athletes, who always seek to overcome the challenges and stand out from their competitors. The task-oriented.

In this case, the athlete poses the challenges himself without comparing himself with others, that is, in this case, the athlete does not measure himself with anyone, but with himself, seeking to overcome his own obstacles and set his own records.

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